Sea of Galilee
The Sea of Galilee, also Kinneret, Lake of Gennesaret or Lake Tiberias (Hebrew: ים כנרת, Judeo-Aramaic: יַמּא דטבריא, Arabic: بحيرة طبرية), is the largest freshwater lake in Israel, and it is approximately 53 km (33 miles) in circumference, about 21 km (13 miles) long, and 13 km (8.1 miles) wide.
At 214 meters (702 feet) below sea level, it is the lowest freshwater lake on Earth and the second-lowest lake in the world (after the Dead Sea, a saltwater lake). The lake is fed partly by underground springs although its main source is the Jordan River which flows through it from north to south.
The Sea of Galilee (Kinneret) is situated in northeast Israel, near the Golan Heights, in the Jordan Rift Valley.
The modern name, Kinneret, comes from the Old Testament or Hebrew Tanakh "sea of Chinnereth" in Numbers 34:11 and Joshua 13:27, and spelled "Chinneroth" in Joshua 11:2.
In the New Testament the term "sea of Galilee" is used in the gospel of Matthew 4:18; 15:29, the gospel of Mark 1:16; 7:31, and in the gospel of John 6:1 as "the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias", the late first century name. Sea of Tiberias is also the name mentioned in Roman texts and in the Jerusalem Talmud, and was adopted into Arabic as About this sound Buhairet Tabariyya (help·info) (بحيرة طبريا).
All Bible writers use the term "sea" (Hebrew yam or Greek thalassa) except the gospel of Luke, written to Theophilus of Macedonia, where it is called "the lake of Genneseret" in Luke 5:1, from the Greek λίμνην Γεννησαρέτ, (limnen Genneseret), the "Grecized form of Chinnereth" according to Easton, who says Genneseret means "a garden of riches".
- Bill Welzien, an American open water swimmer and race director of the 12.5-mile Swim Around Key West, completed a 10 hour 25 minute solo crossing of the 21 km (13-mile) Sea of Galilee on 2 September 2009.
- Hadar Aviram, a professor at University of California Hastings School of Law, completed a 9 hour 30 minute solo crossing of the 21 km (13-mile Sea of Galilee on 21 December 2013.
- Salvatore Cimmino, a disabled Italian swimmer and amputee swam 17 km the Sea of Galilee on 7 May 2010 on his tour Swimming in the Seas of the Globe (A Nuoto nei Mari del Globo) to promote disability awareness.