Little Diomede Island has a population of 135. The entirety of the island is in the city of Diomede, also known by its native name Inalik. The island is not part of any organized borough, so some services are provided directly by the state.
Little Diomede received international exposure when it was the staring point of Lynne Cox's solo open water swim to Big Diomede. It was also featured in the television travel series Full Circle with Michael Palin, in which he sets off from Little Diomede on a year-round excursion to the countries encircling the Pacific Ocean. Little Diomede was also featured on Discovery Channel's series Flying Wild Alaska.