Mustapha Larfaoui (born 27 November 1932 in Algiers) is a member of the International Olympic Committee from Algeria. It was under his leadership during his tenure as the FINA President from 1988 to 2009 that the sport of open water swimming (Olympic 10km Marathon Swim) was added to the Olympic Games. He was the first African to hold the FINA presidency and is now Honorary Life President of FINA.
Larfaoui is a member of the World Anti-Doping Agency's executive committee and part of the IOC's Olympic Games study and marketing commission. He is a member of the IOC's evaluation commission for the 2012 Olympic Games. He has been president of the African Swimming Confederation for more than 30 years.
A former hospital and public health director, he holds degrees in Arabic and French.
Born in 1932, he was a water polo player in his youth. In 1962, at the age of 30, he founded the Algerian Swimming Federation. Also on a national level in 1963, he was a founding member of the Algerian Olympic Committee, serving as secretary general until 1967. Devoted to his continent, he has served as president of the African Swimming Confederation, CANA, from 1987–present (2009) and the Union of African Sports Confederations.