Swimmers in a peloton save significant energy by swimming close (drafting or slipstreaming) near or behind other swimmers.
from French, literally meaning little ball or platoon and also related to the English word pellet
adjective, noun - Peloton or rotating beeline refers to the formation of a 3-person relay team in a team pursuit open water swimming competition. In a peloton formation, the lead swimmer is positioned directly ahead of the trailing swimmers in a tight pack in order to gain the advantage of drafting and navigating. The trailing swimmers position themselves directly behind the swimmer in front of them. At different locations or pre-determined intervals, the lead swimmer falls off the pace and drops to the back of the pack as the second swimmer in the peloton formation then takes off the lead.
The Italian team swim as a peloton during the team pursuit race at the World Championships.
Team Pursuit Positions
Tripod or rotating arrow - formation shaped like an arrow with occasional changes of positions among the 3 swimmers
Arrow - no change in the positions among the 3 swimmers
Beeline formation - swimmers draft directly behind one another throughout the race
Rotating beeline or peloton - swimmers draft directly behind one another throughout the race, occasionally rotating positions
Hybrid - a combination of one or more of the other drafting techniques and formations
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