noun - The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide. The movement has different national bodies in different countries that offers a variety of certification programs and safety programs. It was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering, without any discrimination based on nationality, race, sexual orientation, sex, gender identity, religious beliefs, class, allegiance, or political opinions.
The movement consists of several distinct organizations that are legally independent from each other, but are united within the movement through common basic principles, objectives, symbols, statutes and governing organisations. The movement's parts are: The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland, by Henry Dunant and Gustave Moynier. Its 25-member committee has a unique authority under international humanitarian law to protect the life and dignity of the victims of international and internal armed conflicts. The ICRC was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on three occasions (in 1917, 1944 and 1963).
 Certification Programs
The Red Cross provides a number of certification programs for life savers and lifeguards including Lifeguarding, Lifeguard Management, Junior Lifeguarding, Bloodborne Pathogens Training, Administering Emergency Oxygen, First Aid, and CPR/AED certifications.
The lifeguards received their life saving certifications from the Red Cross.