São Tomé and Príncipe
It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about about 250 and 225 km (155 and 140 miles), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day on the western shores of the island, a small village called Anobom.