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(Redirected from Head referee)
Photo by Javier Blazquez of Christine Jennings, surrounded by Olympian Angela Maurer on her left, Olympian Melissa Gorman on her right, and Olympian Poliana Okimoto behind her in the 5 km race at the 2008 World Open Water Swimming Championships in Sevilla, Spain in an example of open water swimming physicality including impeding that referees occasionally see
John West (in light blue polo shirt on left) of New Zealand Swimming serves as the head referee at numerous FINA 10K Marathon Swimming World Cup and FINA Open Water Swimming Grand Prix events

noun - Referee or head referee is the designated individuals who judge open water swimming races based on the established rules set by FINA or the race director. Referees can be located at the start, turns, finishes and/or on escort boats along the course.


The referee gave a yellow card to the swimmer after observing the second rule infraction.


1605–15; REFER + -EE


judge, ref, Chief referee

Warning Whistles and Yellow Card

Head referee Sid Cassidy giving out warning whistles and yellow cards during a USA Swimming National Open Water Swimming Championships in Fort Myers, Florida

External links